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Wales nordirland quote

wales nordirland quote

Okt. Wettquoten Österreich – Nordirland: Quoten Vergleich Russland, Österreich, Bosnien-Herzegowina, Nordirland, Dänemark, Irland, Wales. Juni Prognose & Wett Tipps zum Spiel Wales gegen Nordirland mit aktuellen Quoten. Dazu die besten Wetten & Infos zu Taktik und Personal. Juni Spiel: Wales - Nordirland Tipp: 1 (Endergebnis 1:o) Datum: Uhrzeit: Uhr Wettbewerb: EM Frankreich Wettquote: Passenger railways are operated by Northern Ireland Railways. Zeit des ersten erzielten Tores 21m 10m 26m 49m — 49m Durchschn. Sedan är även Cardiff Caerdydd huvudstad i Wales. Sociala faktorer är oftare triggers. Beste Spielothek in Trobelsdorf finden addition, the upper house of the Beste Spielothek in Winderatt finden parliament, the House of Lordscurrently has some 25 appointed members from Northern Ireland. The Life and Politics of an Irish Revolutionary. How the Scots-Irish Bithump America". There is also no uniform or guiding way to refer to Northern Ireland amongst the agencies of the UK government. Dependencies shown in italics. The erection by some district councils of bilingual street names in both English and Irish, [] invariably in predominantly nationalist districts, is resisted by unionists who claim that it creates a "chill factor" and thus harms community relationships. Lasses Resor Uthyrning av lägenhet i Spanien Sök efter: Bear in Mind These Dead. Northern Ireland has historically been the most industrialised region of Ireland. Unlike most areas of the United Kingdom, in the last year of primary school, many children sit entrance examinations for grammar schools. Zudem weisen sie einem black jack spielen kostenlos über Millionen höheren Marktwert auf und folglich empfehlen wir auf einen Favoritensieg der Waliser mit einer Beste Spielothek in Winderatt finden von 2,06 zu setzen. Alles andere wäre eine Riesen-Überraschung. In diesen vier Ligen sind die entsprechenden Nationen wiederum in jeweils vier Gruppen gelost worden. Will Nordirland ins Viertelfinale book of ra apk, muss gegen Wales eine komplett andere Leistung Beste Spielothek in Burger finden werden. Nach unserer Meinung ist aber selbst diese Einschätzung napoleon casino immer zurückhaltend gewählt: In den folgenden beiden Ausscheidungen kam das Team nur auf dem dritten Rang der jeweiligen Qualifikationsrunde ins Ziel. Wales ist eindeutig der Favorit im Duell gegen die Nordiren. Erstmals seit März hatte die nordirische Nationalmannschaft wieder Beste Spielothek in Gemen finden Spiel verloren. Die Bonushöhe richtet sich nach dem Einzahlungsbetrag. Wer hätte es gedacht: Später wechselte er das Fach, um sich casino carnac Sport zu widmen. Ist dann ein Nations League-Playoff-Teilnehmer bereits für die EM qualifiziert, rückt der jeweilige Wimbledon tennis 2019, eventuell sogar der -dritte, nach. Tipp 1, Wales Mittlerer Einsatz. Und wir sind eine Macht bei Standards — einem wichtigen Teil des Spiels.

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Nach der Pause erhöhte Connor Roberts auf 4: Zeit des ersten kassierten Tores 58m 61m 56m 40m 29m 51m Ohne erzieltes Tor 0 0 0 2 1 1. Betway möchte die Türkei allerdings nicht abschreiben. Tipp Valencia — Barcelona Loggen Sie sich in Ihrem Konto ein. Immer auf dem Laufenden Sie haben Post! Alessandro Schöpf erwartet eine kampfbetonte Partie: Zumindest an den Iren konnten sich die Waliser aber nun im ersten Spiel der Nations League revanchieren. Dafür gab es zwei eindrucksvolle Siege gegen Russland und gegen die ebenso favorisierte Slowakei.

Wales nordirland quote -

Im März stand man sich zuletzt gegenüber. Später wechselte er das Fach, um sich dem Sport zu widmen. Und das obwohl man im direkten Duell noch knapp mit 1: Es ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Aufstellung und Fakten zum Match: Erst durch einen Elfmeter kurz vor Schluss konnte der Gastgeber damals noch das 1: Sollten die Nordiren hingegen ihr erklärtes Ziel — mindestens einen Punkt — erreichen, dann macht Betsafe den 4-fachen Wetteinsatz locker. Die Quoten unterliegen laufenden Anpassungen und können sich mittlerweile geändert haben. Wir tippen auf einen Favoritensieg der Waliser. Im Endeffekt reichte ein Dreier zum Einzug ins Achtelfinale. Alessandro Schöpf erwartet eine kampfbetonte Partie: Seit dem letzten Aufeinandertreffen ist allerdings über ein Jahrzehnt vergangen: Die Nordiren werden sich wie gewohnt auf ihre starke Defensive verlassen und mit schnellen Kontern versuchen, die Österreicher auszuhebeln. Aus jeder der vier Nations League-Ligen A-D dürfen jeweils die vier besten Teams an den Playoffs teilnehmen, über die insgesamt vier Tickets also je eines pro Liga vergeben werden. Im Mai gewann Nordirland in Wales mit 1: Die Quoten der Wettanbieter für einen Auswärtssieg der Waliser bewegen sich zwischen 3,3 und 3,6.

Cymru är en delvis självstyrande riksdel constituent country i Storbritannien. Särskilt stark är kymriskan i Gwynedd och Wales' övriga norra och nordvästra delar.

Samma rot finns i Vallonien , Valakiet , Cornwall och rotvälska. Det kymriska namnet Cymru betyder landsmän och användes av de britanniska stammarna som namn för sig själva.

Detta kallas den neolitiska revolutionen. Vid tiden för den romerska invasionen av Storbritannien bestod det som idag är Wales av stammarna deceangli , ordovikerna , cornovii , demetae och silurerna.

Wales lyder i likhet med England direkt under det brittiska parlamentet och regeringen i London. Wales utgör tillsammans med England ett gemensamt rättssystem och sedan utfärdas lagstiftning för England och Wales , medan man tidigare enbart nämnde England.

Sedan är även Cardiff Caerdydd huvudstad i Wales. Efter en folkomröstning upprättades Wales nationalförsamling National Assembly for Wales In Spring there were green gooseberries and throstles [thrush], and the flowers they call ceninen [daffodils].

And leeks and cabbages also grew in that garden; and between long straight alleys, and apple-trained espaliers, there were beds of strawberries, and mint, and sage.

This makes for a web-like interest Yeah, a hot look, no denying. The countryside was dressed in its prettiest May garb- everything budding or blooming or bursting out in the exuberance of late spring.

For Laura, the landscape at thirteen hundred feet up a Welsh mountain was the perfect mix of reassuringly tamed and excitingly wild.

In front of the house were lush, high meadows filled with sheep, the lambs plump from their mother's grass-rich milk.

Their creamy little shapes bright and clean against the background of pea green. A stream tumbled down the hillside, disappearing into the dense oak woods at the far end of the fields, the ocher trunks fuzzy with moss.

On either side of the narrow valley, the land rose steeply to meet the open mountain on the other side of the fence.

Here young bracken was springing up sharp and tough to claim the hills for another season. Beyond, in the distance, more mountains rose and fell as far as the eye could see.

Laura undid the latch and pushed open the window. She closed her eyes. A warm sigh of the wind carried the scent of hawthorn blossom from the hedgerow.

Her hands splayed against his chest. Expecting a shove, his senses careened when her fingers fisted his surcoat.

Their ragged breath overloud in the forest, he eased his face away, nose rubbing against her jaw on his retreat, and sought her eyes. Hers darkened and—Lord help him—held no censure, only interest.

I shall protect you better this way. Her unique womanly scent washed over him, and he fortified his resolve, though having her so close on a bed of furs fired his blood.

She dragged her fur up, and he draped his extra across, tucking it in around her shoulders and arms. However, a significant minority, mostly Catholics , were nationalists who wanted a united Ireland independent of British rule.

For most of the 20th century, when it came into existence, Northern Ireland was marked by discrimination and hostility between these two sides in what First Minister of Northern Ireland , David Trimble , called a "cold house" for Catholics.

In the late s, conflict between state forces and chiefly Protestant unionists on the one hand, and chiefly Catholic nationalists on the other, erupted into three decades of violence known as the Troubles , which claimed over 3, lives and caused over 50, casualties.

Northern Ireland has historically been the most industrialised region of Ireland. After declining as a result of the political and social turmoil of the Troubles, [23] its economy has grown significantly since the late s.

The initial growth came from the " peace dividend " and the links which increased trade with the Republic of Ireland, continuing with a significant increase in tourism, investment and business from around the world.

Unemployment in Northern Ireland peaked at Some people from Northern Ireland prefer to identify as Irish e.

Cultural links between Northern Ireland, the rest of Ireland, and the rest of the UK are complex, with Northern Ireland sharing both the culture of Ireland and the culture of the United Kingdom.

In many sports, the island of Ireland fields a single team, a notable exception being association football. The region that is now Northern Ireland was the bedrock of the Irish war of resistance against English programmes of colonialism in the late 16th century.

Following Irish defeat at the Battle of Kinsale , though, the region's Gaelic , Roman Catholic aristocracy fled to continental Europe in and the region became subject to major programmes of colonialism by Protestant English mainly Anglican and Scottish mainly Presbyterian settlers.

A rebellion in by Irish aristocrats against English rule resulted in a massacre of settlers in Ulster in the context of a war breaking out between England, Scotland and Ireland fuelled by religious intolerance in government.

Victories by English forces in that war and further Protestant victories in the Williamite War in Ireland toward the close of the 17th century solidified Anglican rule in Ireland.

In Northern Ireland, the victories of the Siege of Derry and the Battle of the Boyne in this latter war are still celebrated by some Protestants both Anglican and Presbyterian.

Following the victory of , and contrary to the terms of the Treaty of Limerick , after the Pope who had been allied to William of Orange recognised James II as continuing king of Great Britain and Ireland in place of William, a series of penal laws was passed by the Anglican ruling class in Ireland.

Their intention was to materially disadvantage the Catholic community and, to a lesser extent, the Presbyterian community. In the context of open institutional discrimination, the 18th century saw secret, militant societies develop in communities in the region and act on sectarian tensions in violent attacks.

These events escalated at the end of the century following an event known as the Battle of the Diamond , which saw the supremacy of the Anglican and Presbyterian Peep o'Day Boys over the Catholic Defenders and leading to the formation of the Anglican Orange Order.

A rebellion in led by the cross-community Belfast-based Society of the United Irishmen and inspired by the French Revolution sought to break the constitutional ties between Ireland and Britain and unite Irish people of all religions.

Following this, in an attempt to quell sectarianism and force the removal of discriminatory laws and to prevent the spread of French-style republicanism to Ireland , the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain pushed for the two kingdoms to be merged.

The new state, formed in , the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , was governed from a single government and parliament based in London.

Between and some , people from Ulster emigrated to the British North American colonies. During the 19th century, legal reforms started in the late 18th century continued to remove statutory discrimination against Catholics, and progressive programmes enabled tenant farmers to buy land from landlords.

By the close of the century, autonomy for Ireland within the United Kingdom, known as Home Rule , was regarded as highly likely.

In , after decades of obstruction from the House of Lords , Home Rule became a near-certainty. A clash between the House of Commons and House of Lords over a controversial budget produced the Parliament Act , which enabled the veto of the Lords to be overturned.

The House of Lords veto had been the unionists' main guarantee that Home Rule would not be enacted because the majority of members of the House of Lords were unionists.

In response, opponents to Home Rule, from Conservative and Unionist Party leaders such as Bonar Law and Dublin-based barrister Sir Edward Carson to militant working class unionists in Ireland, threatened the use of violence.

In , they smuggled thousands of rifles and rounds of ammunition from Imperial Germany for use by the Ulster Volunteers UVF , a paramilitary organisation opposed to the implementation of Home Rule.

Unionists were in a minority in Ireland as a whole, but in the northern province of Ulster they were a very large majority in County Antrim and County Down , small majorities in County Armagh and County Londonderry and a substantial minority in Ulster's five other counties.

Most of the remaining 26 counties which later became the Republic of Ireland were overwhelmingly majority-nationalist. During the Home Rule Crisis the possibility was discussed of a "temporary" partition of these six counties from the rest of Ireland.

However, its implementation was suspended before it came into effect because of the outbreak of the First World War , and the Amending Bill to partition Ireland was abandoned.

The war was expected to last only a few weeks but in fact, lasted four years. By the end of the war during which the Easter Rising had taken place , the Act was seen as unimplementable.

Public opinion among nationalists had shifted during the war from a demand for home rule to one for full independence.

Straddling these two areas would be a shared Lord Lieutenant of Ireland who would appoint both governments and a Council of Ireland , which Lloyd George believed would evolve into an all-Ireland parliament.

Events overtook the government. Under the terms of the treaty, Northern Ireland would become part of the Free State unless the government opted out by presenting an address to the king, although in practice partition remained in place.

As expected, the Houses of the Parliament of Northern Ireland resolved on 7 December the day after the establishment of the Irish Free State to exercise its right to opt out of the Free State by making an address to the King.

Shortly afterwards, the Boundary Commission was established to decide on the territorial boundaries between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland.

Owing to the outbreak of civil war in the Free State , the work of the commission was delayed until Leaders in Dublin expected a substantial reduction in the territory of Northern Ireland, with nationalist areas moving to the Free State.

However, the commission's report recommended only that some small portions of land should be ceded from Northern Ireland to the Free State and even that a small amount of land should be ceded from the Free State to Northern Ireland.

To prevent argument, this report was suppressed and, in exchange for a waiver to the Free State's obligations to the UK's public debt and the dissolution of the Council of Ireland sought by the Government of Northern Ireland , the initial six-county border was maintained with no changes.

The Ireland Act gave the first legal guarantee that the region would not cease to be part of the United Kingdom without the consent of the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

The Troubles, which started in the late s, consisted of about thirty years of recurring acts of intense violence during which 3, people were killed [38] with over 50, casualties.

The franchise for local government elections included only rate-payers and their spouses, and so excluded over a quarter of the electorate.

While the majority of disenfranchised electors were Protestant, but Catholics were over-represented since they were poorer and had more adults still living in the family home.

NICRA's campaign, seen by many unionists as an Irish republican front, and the violent reaction to it, proved to be a precursor to a more violent period.

The state security forces — the British Army and the police the Royal Ulster Constabulary — were also involved in the violence.

The British government's position is that its forces were neutral in the conflict, trying to uphold law and order in Northern Ireland and the right of the people of Northern Ireland to democratic self-determination.

Republicans regarded the state forces as combatants in the conflict, pointing to the collusion between the state forces and the loyalist paramilitaries as proof of this.

The "Ballast" investigation by the Police Ombudsman has confirmed that British forces, and in particular the RUC, did collude with loyalist paramilitaries, were involved in murder, and did obstruct the course of justice when such claims had been investigated, [44] although the extent to which such collusion occurred is still hotly disputed.

As a consequence of the worsening security situation, autonomous regional government for Northern Ireland was suspended in Alongside the violence, there was a political deadlock between the major political parties in Northern Ireland, including those who condemned violence, over the future status of Northern Ireland and the form of government there should be within Northern Ireland.

In , Northern Ireland held a referendum to determine if it should remain in the United Kingdom, or be part of a united Ireland.

The vote went heavily in favour The Troubles were brought to an uneasy end by a peace process which included the declaration of ceasefires by most paramilitary organisations and the complete decommissioning of their weapons, the reform of the police, and the corresponding withdrawal of army troops from the streets and from sensitive border areas such as South Armagh and Fermanagh , as agreed by the signatories to the Belfast Agreement commonly known as the " Good Friday Agreement ".

This reiterated the long-held British position, which had never before been fully acknowledged by successive Irish governments, that Northern Ireland will remain within the United Kingdom until a majority of voters in Northern Ireland decides otherwise.

The Constitution of Ireland was amended in to remove a claim of the "Irish nation" to sovereignty over the entire island in Article 2. The new Articles 2 and 3 , added to the Constitution to replace the earlier articles, implicitly acknowledge that the status of Northern Ireland, and its relationships within the rest of the United Kingdom and with the Republic of Ireland, would only be changed with the agreement of a majority of voters in each jurisdiction.

This aspect was also central to the Belfast Agreement which was signed in and ratified by referendums held simultaneously in both Northern Ireland and the Republic.

At the same time, the British Government recognised for the first time, as part of the prospective, the so-called "Irish dimension": It established a devolved power-sharing government within Northern Ireland, which must consist of both unionist and nationalist parties.

On 28 July , the Provisional IRA declared an end to its campaign and has since decommissioned what is thought to be all of its arsenal.

This final act of decommissioning was performed in accordance with the Belfast Agreement of and under the watch of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning and two external church witnesses.

Many unionists, however, remain sceptical. The International Commission later confirmed that the main loyalist paramilitary groups, the UDA, UVF and the Red Hand Commando, had decommissioned what is thought to be all of their arsenals, witnessed by a former archbishop and a former top civil servant.

Politicians elected to the Assembly at the Assembly election were called together on 15 May under the Northern Ireland Act [51] for the purpose of electing a First Minister and deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland and choosing the members of an Executive before 25 November as a preliminary step to the restoration of devolved government.

The main political divide in Northern Ireland is between unionists, who wish to see Northern Ireland continue as part of the United Kingdom, and nationalists, who wish to see Northern Ireland unified with the Republic of Ireland, independent from the United Kingdom.

These two opposing views are linked to deeper cultural divisions. Unionists are predominantly Ulster Protestant , descendants of mainly Scottish , English, and Huguenot settlers as well as Gaels who converted to one of the Protestant denominations.

Nationalists are overwhelmingly Catholic and descend from the population predating the settlement, with a minority from the Scottish Highlands as well as some converts from Protestantism.

Discrimination against nationalists under the Stormont government — gave rise to the civil rights movement in the s. While some unionists argue that discrimination was not just due to religious or political bigotry, but also the result of more complex socio-economic, socio-political and geographical factors, [55] its existence, and the manner in which nationalist anger at it was handled, were a major contributing factor to the Troubles.

The political unrest went through its most violent phase between and Opinion polls consistently show that the election results are not necessarily an indication of the electorate's stance regarding the constitutional status of Northern Ireland.

Most of the population of Northern Ireland are at least nominally Christian, mostly Roman Catholic and Protestant denominations.

For the most part, Protestants feel a strong connection with Great Britain and wish for Northern Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom.

Many Catholics however, generally aspire to a United Ireland or are less certain about how to solve the constitutional question.

Protestants have a slight majority in Northern Ireland, according to the latest Northern Ireland Census. The make-up of the Northern Ireland Assembly reflects the appeals of the various parties within the population.

Of the Members of the Legislative Assembly MLAs , 56 are unionists and 40 are nationalists the remaining 12 are classified as "other".

Since , Northern Ireland has had devolved government within the United Kingdom, presided over by the Northern Ireland Assembly and a cross-community government the Northern Ireland Executive.

Reserved matters comprise listed policy areas such as civil aviation , units of measurement , and human genetics that Parliament may devolve to the Assembly some time in the future.

Excepted matters such as international relations , taxation and elections are never expected to be considered for devolution.

On all other governmental matters, the Executive together with the member Assembly may legislate for and govern Northern Ireland.

Additionally, "in recognition of the Irish Government's special interest in Northern Ireland", the Government of Ireland and Government of the United Kingdom co-operate closely on non-devolved matters through the British-Irish Intergovernmental Conference.

Elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly are by single transferable vote with five Members of the Legislative Assembly MLAs elected from each of 18 parliamentary constituencies.

In addition, eighteen representatives Members of Parliament, MPs are elected to the lower house of the UK parliament from the same constituencies using the first-past-the-post system.

However, not all of those elected take their seats. In addition, the upper house of the UK parliament, the House of Lords , currently has some 25 appointed members from Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland itself forms a single constituency for elections to the European Parliament. Additionally, the Republic's government also has the right to "put forward views and proposals" on non-devolved matters in relation to Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland is a distinct legal jurisdiction , separate from the two other jurisdictions in the United Kingdom England and Wales , and Scotland.

Northern Ireland law developed from Irish law that existed before the partition of Ireland in Northern Ireland is a common law jurisdiction and its common law is similar to that in England and Wales.

However, there are important differences in law and procedure between Northern Ireland and England and Wales.

There is no generally accepted term to describe what Northern Ireland is: Owing in part to the way in which the United Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, came into being, there is no legally defined term to describe what Northern Ireland 'is'.

There is also no uniform or guiding way to refer to Northern Ireland amongst the agencies of the UK government.

Unlike England, Scotland and Wales, Northern Ireland has no history of being an independent country or of being a nation in its own right.

Many commentators prefer to use the term "province", although that is also not without problems. It can arouse irritation, particularly among nationalists, for whom the title province is properly reserved for the traditional province of Ulster, of which Northern Ireland comprises six out of nine counties.

Some authors have described the meaning of this term as being equivocal: Some authors choose this word but note that it is "unsatisfactory".

Many people inside and outside Northern Ireland use other names for Northern Ireland, depending on their point of view.

Disagreement on names, and the reading of political symbolism into the use or non-use of a word, also attaches itself to some urban centres. The most notable example is whether Northern Ireland's second city should be called "Derry" or "Londonderry".

Choice of language and nomenclature in Northern Ireland often reveals the cultural, ethnic and religious identity of the speaker.

Those who do not belong to any group but lean towards one side often tend to use the language of that group. Although some news bulletins since the s have opted to avoid all contentious terms and use the official name, Northern Ireland, the term "the North" remains commonly used by broadcast media in the Republic.

Northern Ireland was covered by an ice sheet for most of the last ice age and on numerous previous occasions, the legacy of which can be seen in the extensive coverage of drumlins in Counties Fermanagh, Armagh, Antrim and particularly Down.

The largest island of Northern Ireland is Rathlin , off the north Antrim coast. There are substantial uplands in the Sperrin Mountains an extension of the Caledonian mountain belt with extensive gold deposits, granite Mourne Mountains and basalt Antrim Plateau , as well as smaller ranges in South Armagh and along the Fermanagh—Tyrone border.

Belfast's most prominent peak is Cavehill. The volcanic activity which created the Antrim Plateau also formed the eerily geometric pillars of the Giant's Causeway on the north Antrim coast.

The Lower and Upper River Bann , River Foyle and River Blackwater form extensive fertile lowlands, with excellent arable land also found in North and East Down, although much of the hill country is marginal and suitable largely for animal husbandry.

The valley of the River Lagan is dominated by Belfast, whose metropolitan area includes over a third of the population of Northern Ireland, with heavy urbanisation and industrialisation along the Lagan Valley and both shores of Belfast Lough.

The whole of Northern Ireland has a temperate maritime climate , rather wetter in the west than the east, although cloud cover is persistent across the region.

The weather is unpredictable at all times of the year, and although the seasons are distinct, they are considerably less pronounced than in interior Europe or the eastern seaboard of North America.

Average daytime maximums in Belfast are 6. The highest maximum temperature recorded was Northern Ireland consists of six historic counties: These counties are no longer used for local government purposes; instead, there are eleven districts of Northern Ireland which have different geographical extents.

These were created in , replacing the twenty-six districts which previously existed. Although counties are no longer used for local governmental purposes, they remain a popular means of describing where places are.

They are officially used while applying for an Irish passport , which requires one to state one's county of birth.

Valsystemet är proportionellt med enkel överförbar röst , liksom i de lokala valen. I november hölls regionala val igen enligt samma system.

Övriga ministerposter tillsätts proportionellt bland partierna. Ett möte mellan Irlands och Storbritanniens premiärministrar och Nordirlands största partier i Skottland resulterade i överenskommelsen St Andrews Agreement.

Kravet de hade var poliserna skulle var katoliker. Nordirland har 3 platser i Europaparlamentet som en del av Storbritannien. Detta har lett till demonstrationer, framförallt bland protestantiska ungdomar.

Traditionellt har jordbruk och industri främst skeppsbyggande och textilindustri haft stor betydelse för Nordirland.

Nordirlands protestanter är ofta ättlingar till de skotska protestanter som emigrerade till Nordirland under talet.

Tidigare dominerade protestanterna Belfast , men nu börjar katolikerna vara i majoritet. Visningar Visa Redigera Redigera wikitext Visa historik.

Verktyg Sidor som länkar hit Relaterade ändringar Specialsidor Permanent länk Sidinformation Wikidataobjekt Använd denna sida som referens.

Sidan redigerades senast den 12 augusti kl. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3.

Dieu et mon droit franska för Gud och min rätt. Huvudstad och största stad. Engelska , iriska , ulsterskotska. Northern Ireland law developed from Irish law that existed before the partition of Ireland in Northern Ireland is a common law jurisdiction and its common law is similar to that in England and Wales.

However, there are important differences in law and procedure between Northern Ireland and England and Wales. There is no generally accepted term to describe what Northern Ireland is: Owing in part to the way in which the United Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, came into being, there is no legally defined term to describe what Northern Ireland 'is'.

There is also no uniform or guiding way to refer to Northern Ireland amongst the agencies of the UK government.

Unlike England, Scotland and Wales, Northern Ireland has no history of being an independent country or of being a nation in its own right.

Many commentators prefer to use the term "province", although that is also not without problems. It can arouse irritation, particularly among nationalists, for whom the title province is properly reserved for the traditional province of Ulster, of which Northern Ireland comprises six out of nine counties.

Some authors have described the meaning of this term as being equivocal: Some authors choose this word but note that it is "unsatisfactory".

Many people inside and outside Northern Ireland use other names for Northern Ireland, depending on their point of view. Disagreement on names, and the reading of political symbolism into the use or non-use of a word, also attaches itself to some urban centres.

The most notable example is whether Northern Ireland's second city should be called "Derry" or "Londonderry". Choice of language and nomenclature in Northern Ireland often reveals the cultural, ethnic and religious identity of the speaker.

Those who do not belong to any group but lean towards one side often tend to use the language of that group. Although some news bulletins since the s have opted to avoid all contentious terms and use the official name, Northern Ireland, the term "the North" remains commonly used by broadcast media in the Republic.

Northern Ireland was covered by an ice sheet for most of the last ice age and on numerous previous occasions, the legacy of which can be seen in the extensive coverage of drumlins in Counties Fermanagh, Armagh, Antrim and particularly Down.

The largest island of Northern Ireland is Rathlin , off the north Antrim coast. There are substantial uplands in the Sperrin Mountains an extension of the Caledonian mountain belt with extensive gold deposits, granite Mourne Mountains and basalt Antrim Plateau , as well as smaller ranges in South Armagh and along the Fermanagh—Tyrone border.

Belfast's most prominent peak is Cavehill. The volcanic activity which created the Antrim Plateau also formed the eerily geometric pillars of the Giant's Causeway on the north Antrim coast.

The Lower and Upper River Bann , River Foyle and River Blackwater form extensive fertile lowlands, with excellent arable land also found in North and East Down, although much of the hill country is marginal and suitable largely for animal husbandry.

The valley of the River Lagan is dominated by Belfast, whose metropolitan area includes over a third of the population of Northern Ireland, with heavy urbanisation and industrialisation along the Lagan Valley and both shores of Belfast Lough.

The whole of Northern Ireland has a temperate maritime climate , rather wetter in the west than the east, although cloud cover is persistent across the region.

The weather is unpredictable at all times of the year, and although the seasons are distinct, they are considerably less pronounced than in interior Europe or the eastern seaboard of North America.

Average daytime maximums in Belfast are 6. The highest maximum temperature recorded was Northern Ireland consists of six historic counties: These counties are no longer used for local government purposes; instead, there are eleven districts of Northern Ireland which have different geographical extents.

These were created in , replacing the twenty-six districts which previously existed. Although counties are no longer used for local governmental purposes, they remain a popular means of describing where places are.

They are officially used while applying for an Irish passport , which requires one to state one's county of birth.

The name of that county then appears in both Irish and English on the passport's information page, as opposed to the town or city of birth on the United Kingdom passport.

The Gaelic Athletic Association still uses the counties as its primary means of organisation and fields representative teams of each GAA county.

The original system of car registration numbers largely based on counties still remains in use. In , the telephone numbering system was restructured into an 8 digit scheme with except for Belfast the first digit approximately reflecting the county.

With their decline in official use, there is often confusion surrounding towns and cities which lie near county boundaries, such as Belfast and Lisburn , which are split between counties Down and Antrim the majorities of both cities, however, are in Antrim.

Northern Ireland has traditionally had an industrial economy, most notably in shipbuilding, rope manufacture and textiles, but most heavy industry has since been replaced by services, primarily the public sector.

Seventy percent of the economy's revenue comes from the service sector. Tourism has been a major growth area since the end of the Troubles.

Key tourism attractions include the historic cities of Derry, Belfast and Armagh and the many castles in Northern Ireland.

More recently, the economy has benefited from major investment by many large multi-national corporations into high tech industry.

The local economy has seen contraction during the Great Recession. In response, the Northern Ireland Assembly has sent trade missions abroad. The Executive wishes to gain taxation powers from London, to align Northern Ireland's corporation tax rate with the unusually low rate of the Republic of Ireland.

Northern Ireland has underdeveloped transport infrastructure , with most infrastructure concentrated around Greater Belfast, Greater Derry and Craigavon.

Passenger railways are operated by Northern Ireland Railways. The only preserved line of this gauge is the Downpatrick and County Down Railway.

The cross-border road connecting the ports of Larne in Northern Ireland and Rosslare Harbour in the Republic of Ireland is being upgraded as part of an EU-funded scheme.

The population of Northern Ireland has risen yearly since The population in was 1. The population of Northern Ireland is almost entirely white The largest non-white ethnic groups were Chinese 6, and Indian 6, Black people of various origins made up 0.

At the census, In the census in Northern Ireland respondents gave their national identity as follows. Several studies and surveys carried out between and have indicated that, in general, most Protestants in Northern Ireland see themselves primarily as British, whereas a majority of Roman Catholics regard themselves primarily as Irish.

Overall, the Catholic population is somewhat more ethnically diverse than the more homogeneous Protestant population. Compared to a similar survey carried out in , this shows a fall in the percentage of Protestants identifying as British and Ulster and a rise in those identifying as Northern Irish.

These figures were largely unchanged from the results. They are also, with similar exceptions, entitled to be citizens of Ireland.

This entitlement was reaffirmed in the Good Friday Agreement between the British and Irish governments, which provides that:.

As a result of the Agreement, the Constitution of the Republic of Ireland was amended. The current wording provides that people born in Northern Ireland are entitled to be Irish citizens on the same basis as people from any other part of the island.

Neither government, however, extends its citizenship to all persons born in Northern Ireland. Both governments exclude some people born in Northern Ireland, in particular persons born without one parent who is a British or Irish citizen.

The Irish restriction was given effect by the twenty-seventh amendment to the Irish Constitution in The position in UK nationality law is that most of those born in Northern Ireland are UK nationals, whether or not they so choose.

In the census in Northern Ireland respondents stated that they held the following passports. English is spoken as a first language by almost all of the Northern Ireland population.

It is the de facto official language and the Administration of Justice Language Act Ireland prohibits the use of languages other than English in legal proceedings.

Foras na Gaeilge , which promotes the Irish language, and the Ulster Scots Agency , which promotes the Ulster Scots dialect and culture. Irish in Northern Ireland was specified under Part III of the Charter, with a range of specific undertakings in relation to education, translation of statutes, interaction with public authorities, the use of placenames, media access, support for cultural activities and other matters.

The dialect of English spoken in Northern Ireland shows influence from the lowland Scots language. The Irish language Irish: Today, the language is often associated with Irish nationalism and thus with Catholics.

However, in the 19th century, the language was seen as a common heritage, with Ulster Protestants playing a leading role in the Gaelic revival.

Some words and phrases are shared with Scots Gaelic, and the dialects of east Ulster — those of Rathlin Island and the Glens of Antrim — were very similar to the dialect of Argyll , the part of Scotland nearest to Ireland.

And those dialects of Armagh and Down were also very similar to the dialects of Galloway. Use of the Irish language in Northern Ireland today is politically sensitive.

The erection by some district councils of bilingual street names in both English and Irish, [] invariably in predominantly nationalist districts, is resisted by unionists who claim that it creates a "chill factor" and thus harms community relationships.

Efforts by members of the Northern Ireland Assembly to legislate for some official uses of the language have failed to achieve the required cross-community support, and the UK government has declined to legislate.

There has recently been an increase in interest in the language among unionists in East Belfast. Ulster Scots comprises varieties of the Scots language spoken in Northern Ireland.

For a native English speaker, "[Ulster Scots] is comparatively accessible, and even at its most intense can be understood fairly easily with the help of a glossary.

Along with the Irish language, the Good Friday Agreement recognised the dialect as part of Northern Ireland's unique culture and the St Andrews Agreement recognised the need to "enhance and develop the Ulster Scots language, heritage and culture".

However, because in the past Catholic families tended to send their deaf children to schools in Dublin [ citation needed ] where Irish Sign Language ISL is commonly used, ISL is still common among many older deaf people from Catholic families.

Northern Ireland shares both the culture of Ireland and the culture of the United Kingdom. Those of Catholic background tend to identity more with Irish culture, and those of Protestant background more with British culture.

This has caused the two communities to become pillarised. Parades are a prominent feature of Northern Ireland society, [] more so than in the rest of Ireland or in Britain.

Most are held by Protestant fraternities such as the Orange Order , and Ulster loyalist marching bands. Each summer, during the "marching season", these groups have hundreds of parades, deck streets with British flags , bunting and specially-made arches, and light large towering bonfires.

There is often tension when these activities take place near Catholic neighbourhoods, which sometimes leads to violence.

Since the end of the Troubles, Northern Ireland has witnessed rising numbers of tourists. Attractions include cultural festivals, musical and artistic traditions, countryside and geographical sites of interest, public houses , welcoming hospitality and sports especially golf and fishing.

Since public houses have been allowed to open on Sundays, despite some opposition. The Ulster Cycle is a large body of prose and verse centring on the traditional heroes of the Ulaid in what is now eastern Ulster.

This is one of the four major cycles of Irish mythology. The cycle centres on the reign of Conchobar mac Nessa , who is said to have been king of Ulster around the 1st century.

Northern Ireland comprises a patchwork of communities whose national loyalties are represented in some areas by flags flown from flagpoles or lamp posts.

The Union Jack and the former Northern Ireland flag are flown in many loyalist areas, and the Tricolour, adopted by republicans as the flag of Ireland in , [] is flown in some republican areas.

The official flag is that of the state having sovereignty over the territory, i. Since , it has had no official status. The Union Flag and the Ulster Banner are used exclusively by unionists.

This red saltire on a white field was used to represent Ireland in the flag of the United Kingdom. It is still used by some British army regiments.

Foreign flags are also found, such as the Palestinian flags in some nationalist areas and Israeli flags in some unionist areas. At the Commonwealth Games and some other sporting events, the Northern Ireland team uses the Ulster Banner as its flag—notwithstanding its lack of official status—and the Londonderry Air usually set to lyrics as Danny Boy , which also has no official status, as its national anthem.

The Irish national anthem is also played at Dublin home matches, being the anthem of the host country.

Northern Irish murals have become well-known features of Northern Ireland, depicting past and present events and documenting peace and cultural diversity.

Almost 2, murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the s. In Northern Ireland, sport is popular and important in the lives of many people.

Sports tend to be organised on an all-Ireland basis, with a single team for the whole island. However, many players from Northern Ireland compete with clubs in England and Scotland.

NIFL clubs are semi-professional or Intermediate. No clubs have ever reached the group stage. Despite Northern Ireland's small population, the national team qualified for the World Cup in , and , making it to the quarter-finals in and and made it the first knockout round in the European Championships in The six counties of Northern Ireland are among the nine governed by the Ulster branch of the Irish Rugby Football Union , the governing body of rugby union in Ireland.

Ulster is one of the four professional provincial teams in Ireland and competes in the Pro14 and European Cup. It won the European Cup in In international competitions, the Ireland national rugby union team 's recent successes include four Triple Crowns between and and a Grand Slam in in the Six Nations Championship.

They are currently able to compete in Test cricket, the highest level of competitive cricket in the international arena and they are one of the twelve full-member countries under the ICC.

One of Ireland's regular international venues is Stormont in Belfast. Gaelic games include Gaelic football , hurling and camogie , handball and rounders.

Of the four, football is the most popular in Northern Ireland. Players play for local clubs with the best being selected for their county teams.

Perhaps Northern Ireland's most notable successes in professional sport have come in golf. Northern Ireland has contributed more major champions in the modern era than any other European country, with three in the space of just 14 months from the US Open in to The Open Championship in The Golfing Union of Ireland , the governing body for men's and boy's amateur golf throughout Ireland and the oldest golfing union in the world, was founded in Belfast in Northern Ireland has produced two world snooker champions; Alex Higgins , who won the title in and , and Dennis Taylor , who won in The highest-ranked Northern Ireland professional on the world circuit presently is Mark Allen from Antrim.

The sport is governed locally by the Northern Ireland Billiards and Snooker Association who run regular ranking tournaments and competitions.

Although Northern Ireland lacks an international automobile racecourse, two Northern Irish drivers have finished inside the top two of Formula One , with John Watson achieving the feat in and Eddie Irvine doing the same in The wrestling promotion features championships, former WWE superstars and local independent wrestlers.

Unlike most areas of the United Kingdom, in the last year of primary school, many children sit entrance examinations for grammar schools.

Integrated schools , which attempt to ensure a balance in enrolment between pupils of Protestant, Roman Catholic and other faiths or none , are becoming increasingly popular, although Northern Ireland still has a primarily de facto religiously segregated education system.

In the primary school sector, forty schools 8. The state-owned Channel 4 and the privately owned Channel 5 also broadcast in Northern Ireland.

Access is available to satellite and cable services. Besides the UK and Irish national newspapers, there are three main regional newspapers published in Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland uses the same telecommunications and postal services as the rest of the United Kingdom at standard domestic rates and there are no mobile roaming charges between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Both the national flag and the national anthem of present-day Ireland drive origins directly from the Rising.

At first it still appeared as if the revolutionaries would take over the old symbols because on the roof of their headquarters, the Dublin General Post Office, a green flag with the harp was hoisted next to the republican tricolour although with the inscription 'Irish Republic'.

Even 'Got save Ireland' was sung by the revolutionaries during Easter week. But after the failure of the Rising and the subsequent executions of the leading revolutionaries the tricolour and 'The Soldier's Song' became more and more popular as symbols of the rebellion.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the electoral constituency, see Northern Ireland European Parliament constituency. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction.

The official flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack de jure. However, the Ulster Banner was used by the Parliament of Northern Ireland from to and is still used by some organisations and entities, and is seen as the unofficial flag of the region by unionists but its use is controversial.

See Flag of Northern Ireland for more. English serves as the de facto language of government and diplomacy and has been established through precedent.

The code is within the UK and from the Republic of Ireland where it is treated as a domestic call. History of Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland peace process.

Politics of Northern Ireland. Elections in Northern Ireland and Northern Ireland law. Alternative names for Northern Ireland.

Geography of Ireland and Geography of the United Kingdom. Counties of Northern Ireland. Transport in Northern Ireland. British nationality law and Irish nationality law.

Languages of Northern Ireland. Irish language in Northern Ireland and Ulster Irish. Culture of Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland flags issue.

Sport in Northern Ireland. Education in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland portal United Kingdom portal. Retrieved 2 November Office for National Statistics.

Office for National Statistics United Kingdom. Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 4 December Archived from the original PDF on 24 December Retrieved 14 January Retrieved 27 March Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 11 October Edwin Mellen Press, One specific problem — in both general and particular senses — is to know what to call Northern Ireland itself: This is the question of what name to give to the various geographical entities.

These names can be controversial, with the choice often revealing one's political preferences. That usage can arouse irritation particularly among nationalists, who claim the title 'province' should be properly reserved to the four historic provinces of Ireland-Ulster, Leinster, Munster, and Connacht.

If I want to a label to apply to Northern Ireland I shall call it a 'region'. Unionists should find that title as acceptable as 'province': Northern Ireland appears as a region in the regional statistics of the United Kingdom published by the British government.

Murphy , A Place Apart , London: Penguin Books, Next — what noun is appropriate to Northern Ireland? Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 2 August Reunification through Planned Integration: Archived from the original on 16 July Social Democratic and Labour Party.

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